Family law, also called the matrimonial law, deals with family and domestic matters. Parties that are usually involved in cases can be related by blood or marriage, but family law can include distant or casual relationships, too. There are numbers of topics which family law covers, such as marriage and living together, divorce and alimony, parental liability, adoption and foster care, child custody and child support.
Physical or emotional abuse is another area that family law covers. Abuse doesn’t necessarily have to happen between spouses and their children. It can also affect an elderly family member, couples who are not married but live together, or even a roommate. Some family law matters and processes can be solved without professional help, while others like child custody or divorce require a skillful attorney.
When people decide to get married, most of them don’t take into consideration the legal issues that can loom over their marriage. Before you get married, be sure that you are familiar with all financial and legal obligations as well as benefits. There is a variety of issues related to marriage which matrimonial law deals with, such as marriage rights and benefits, prenuptial agreements, property, foreign spouses.
After you get married and all the hullaballoo is over, there are certain steps that you need to take. These steps involve changing or keeping your name, obtaining life insurance, writing a new will or adding your spouse to the existing will, a joint check account.
A person can file for divorce on grounds such as irreconcilable differences, incompatibility, irretrievable breakdown of the marriage. Divorce is also called ‘dissolution of marriage.’ Depending on the country, there are several types of a divorce such as contested divorce, at-fault divorce, no-fault divorce, summary divorce, uncontested divorce, collaborative, electronic and mediated divorce.
A husband or a wife file for divorce through a court order, with or without professional help of a representative. Along with the divorce come other proceedings that family law covers, such as division of marital property, child custody, child support, alimony and many others.
Child custody and support
Child custody relates to the parent’s obligation and duty to take care of his/her child and the right of the child to make its decisions. There are several forms of custody, and they involve alternating custody, shared custody, joint and sole custody, bird’s nest custody, split custody and third-party custody. These issues usually come about in proceedings such as a divorce or an annulment.
Child support or child maintenance is a payment by a parent, usually a father to a mother, for child’s financial support and security. It can be paid directly or indirectly to the custodial parent, the guardian or the state, depending on who is taking care of the child in question. Child support is set and arranged in proceedings like divorce, annulment or marital separation. Both parents are bound to support their children financially and take equal care of them. Child support involves financial support of the child and any other forms of support, like intellectual or emotional, are excluded.